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An Introduction To Melbourne

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The name "Melbourne" refers to the area of urban agglomeration (as well as a census statistical division) spanning 9,900 km2 which comprises the broader metropolitan area, as well as being the common name for its city centre. The metropolis is located on the large natural bay of Port Phillip and expands into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon mountain ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. Melbourne consists of 31 municipalities. It has a population of 4,529,500 as of 2015, and its inhabitants are called Melburnians.

Founded by free settlers from the British Crown colony of Van Diemen's Land on 30 August 1835, in what was then the colony of New South Wales, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837. It was named "Melbourne" by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Richard Bourke, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. It was officially declared a city by Queen Victoria in 1847, after which it became the capital of the newly founded colony of Victoria in 1851. During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the world's largest and wealthiest cities. After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as the nation's interim seat of government until 1927.







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The City of Whitehorse is a local government area in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne. It has an area of 64 km2 and at the 2016 Census, Whitehorse had a population of 162,078. Whitehorse was formed in December 1994 by the amalgamation of the former cities of Box Hill and Nunawading. The name Whitehorse came from the White Horse Inn, atavern originally located in the area in the late 19th Century. This name was applied to the major thoroughfare, Whitehorse Road, which runs through the municipality today.

In the original proposals for council amalgamations in Melbourne, Whitehorse was a suggested name for an area comprising the City of Box Hill, with the addition of residents east of Union Road (part of the old City of Camberwell). The affected residents were unhappy, believing an alignment with Box Hill would lower the value of their properties. A second proposal featured the current boundaries of Whitehorse. The City of Nunawading proposed the name "City of Koornung", claiming it was more appropriate, as both cities shared the Koonung Creek, but unfortunately they failed to note they had spelled Koonung incorrectly in their proposal. Another suggestion was "City of Deakin", as the region of Whitehorse contains both the Federal electorate of Deakin, and the Melbourne campus of Deakin University, in Burwood.

Suburbs of Whitehorse



Blackburn North

Blackburn South

Box Hill

Box Hill North

Box Hill South

Burwood (Shared with the City of Monash)

Burwood East

Forest Hill


Mont Albert (Shared with the City of Boroondara)

Mont Albert North

Nunawading (all except far north portion which is in the City of Manningham)

Surrey Hills (Eastern fringe only)


Vermont South

Other locally recognised names for regions in the city include:








Tally Ho

Wattle Park

Former names within the region:


Air Hill - now Mitcham

Ballyshannassy - small township located in present Burwood, 1860s

Beverley Hills - attached to Blackburn North, late 1960s-early 1970s

Emery's Hill - now Mitcham

L.L. Vale - name for Vermont used up until c.1885

Norwood - second name of Ballyshannassy, renamed Burwood in 1879

Mount Pleasant - 1860s name, now eastern area of Forest Hill

Scotchman's Hill - 1860s name, now Forest Hill

Tally Ho - incorporated into Burwood East during the 1960s

Tunstall - renamed Nunawading in 1945

Major thoroughfares


Blackburn Road (State Route 13)

Boronia Road (State Route 36)

Burwood Highway (State Route 26)

Canterbury Road (State Route 32)

Elgar Road

Eastern Freeway (M3)

Highbury Road

Maroondah Highway (Whitehorse Road) (State Route 34)

Middleborough Road (State Route 23)

Mitcham Road (State Route 36)

Riversdale Road (State Route 20)

Springvale Road (State Route 40)

Station Street (State Route 47)

Surrey Road (State Route 13)

Warrigal Road (State Route 15)

Sister city
On 12 May 1971, the City of Box Hill established a sister city relationship with Matsudo, in Chiba, Japan. In December 1994, when Box Hill amalgamated with Nunawading, the City of Whitehorse re-affirmed its relationship with Matsudo.

All Libraries in the City of Whitehorse are operated by the Whitehorse Manningham Regional Library Corporation , which also has 4 branches in the City of Manningham


Blackburn Library - Located at Cnr Blackburn and Central Roads, Blackburn

Box Hill Library - Located at 1040 Whitehorse Road, Box Hill.

Nunawading Library - Located at 379 Whitehorse Road, Nunawading.

Vermont South Library - Located at Pavey Place, Vermont South.




Before the arrival of European settlers, humans had occupied the area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years. At the time of European settlement, it was inhabited by under 20,000 hunter-gatherers from three indigenous regional tribes: the Wurundjeri, Boonwurrung and Wathaurong. The area was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water. The first European settlement in Victoria was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento, but this settlement was relocated to what is now Hobart, Tasmania, in February 1804, due to a perceived lack of resources.


It would be 30 years before another settlement was attempted. In May and June 1835, the area which is now central and northern Melbourne was explored by John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land (now known as Tasmania), who claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village". Batman then returned to Launceston in Tasmania. In early August 1835 a different group of settlers, including John Pascoe Fawkner, left Launceston on the ship Enterprize. Fawkner was forced to disembark at Georgetown, Tasmania, because of outstanding debts. The remainder of the party continued and arrived at the mouth of the Yarra River on 15 August 1835.









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